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Chinese Gallnut Extract Tannic acid 92%-99% UV

  • Latin Name:   Galla chinensis
  • Synonyms:    Chinese gall, Chinese gallnut, Galla chinensis, Gallnut of Chinese Sumac, Chinese Sumac Gall, Wu Bei Zi
  • Part of Used:   Cecidium
  • Specifications:   Tannic acid 92%-99%,Gallic Acid
  • Appearance:   Brown yellow fine powder
  • Application:   clarifying agent of beer and wine,
Email: info@nutragreen.co.uk


Chinese Gallnut Extract Tannic acid 92%-99% UV

Product name

Chinese Gallnut Extract

Latin Name

Galla chinensis

Pin Yin

Wu Bei Zi

Active ingredients

Gallic Acid,Tannic acid



Molecular Formula



 Chinese gall, Chinese gallnut, Galla chinensis, Gallnut of Chinese Sumac, Chinese Sumac Gall, Wu Bei Zi


Brown yellow

Part used



Tannic acid 92%-99%,Gallic Acid

Main benefits

clarifying agent of beer and wine,

Applied industries

Food industry, pharmaceutical industry


What is Chinese Gallnut Extract?

Chinese Gallnut Extract, also referred to as Chinese gall (or nutgalls), is a plant excretion produced when irritants are released by the larvae of gall insects, such as those of the Cynipidae family, the gall wasps. A major commercial source of medicinal gallnuts is oak trees, which yield the Chinese herb moshizi, but a similar material is found on Chinese sumac (Rhus species), produced by the activities of a type of aphid; these galls are called wubeizi by Chinese herbalists. The plant secretes the liquid gall, comprised mainly of tannins, that hardens to become the "nut."

Chemical composition of Chinese Gallnut Extract

Gallnuts from oak and sumac contain the highest naturally occurring level of tannin (gallotannin): 50-75%. They also contain 2-4% each of the smaller molecules gallic acid and ellagic acid (see structures next page) that are polymerized to make tannins. The tannin of gallnuts has been used for centuries for tanning of leather (a process involving coagulating proteins). Now, gallnut extracts are widely used in pharmaceuticals, food and feed additives, dyes, inks, and metallurgy. Gallotannin (comprised of molecules of gallic acid attached to a central glucose) is obtained from natural gallnuts by extraction with hot water; gallic acid is obtained by the hydrolysis of tannic acid with sulfuric acid. When heated above 220°C, gallic acid loses carbon dioxide to form pyrogallol; other chemicals in demand, such as propyl gallate, octyl gallate, dodecyl gallate, syringic acid, and trimethoxybenzoic acid, can all be made from gallnuts.

There are additional sources of these desired components. Since 1989, Chinese manufacturers of gallnut products began using tara (spiny sappan; Caesalpinia spinosa) imported from Peru for production of gallic acid. While sappan heartwood (fromCaesalpinia sappan) is used in Chinese medicine as a blood vitalizer, tara is an extract from the fruits pods of the related C. spinosa. The tannin concentration is high in the pods; a typical analysis is: gallotannin 53.1%, gallic acid 9.5%, ellagitannin 6.9%. The shift to use of tara resulted from over-collection of gallnuts in China leading to a high price for them. But, this shift to alternative sources of tannins led to a recovery of gallnut supplies and their reduction in price and restoration as major market items; in addition,Caealpinia spinosa was also cultivated in Southwest China (e.g., Yunnan Province), reducing the need for imports from Peru. Other major sources of tannins are chestnut, mimosa, quebracho, valonea, and myrobalans (fruits and twigs).

Benefits ,function and application of Chinese Gallnut Extract

1. With the function of antioxidant and antimicrobial; 

2. It has the effect on improving the body disease-resistant ability, liver and gastrointestinal systemfunction;

3. With the function of treating chronic diarrhea and dysentery 

4. With the function of dispelling heat, eliminating irritability, diuretic, cooling blood and detoxification;

5. With the function of enhancing immunity.

6. It is clarifying agent of beer and low alcohol wine. As pharmaceutical raw materials for clearing heat, anti-inflammation and so on, it is mainly used in pharmaceutical field; Applied in food field, it can be produced into wine, canned, condensed juice and other more nourishment;

7. As active ingredients of skin care products, it is mainly used in cosmetic industry.

Where to buy Chinese Gallnut Extract Tannic acid?

Nutragreen Biotechnology Co., Ltd, a brand of Shanghai Lvshang Biotech Co., Ltd, is a GMP compliant and FDA registered manufacturer and supplier of raw materials of plant extracts, botanicals, herbs, especially Tradtional Chinese herbs. Chinese Gallnut Extract Tannic acid is one of our most competitive ingredients with various specifications and stocks available all year round. You may leave a message below for more detailed information.