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27 2013

What is Mushroom Polysaccharide?

From laboratory and human clinical studies on medicinal mushrooms found that a number of compounds in medicinal mushroom can stimulate immune function and inhibit tumor growth. The main compounds observed were polysaccharides.

Polysaccharides are chains of sugar units that form in configurations from tens to thousands of units long. They comprise the carbohydrate storage units for plants and animals, and they can also have structural roles in plants, fungi, insects, and crustaceans. Plants make starches as their storage units, while animals store glycogen. Starches and glycogen are homopolysaccharides, meaning that they have the same type of sugar throughout their chain.( According to wikipedia)

Briefly,Polysaccharides are large, complex branched chain-like molecules built from many smaller units of sugar molecules.

Polysaccharides have shown to have antitumor and immuno-stimulating properties. Similar immune-activating polysaccharides from medicinal mushrooms are also found in Echinacea and Astragalus.  Besides the strong antitumor and immune enhancing effects of polysaccharides in medicinal mushrooms, research has also shown polysaccharides to have antibiotic and antiviral properties. Medicinal mushroom polysaccharides also have the ability to lower blood pressure and reduce blood levels of lipids and sugar.

Benefits of Mushroom Polysaccharide

Two additional compounds found in medicinal mushrooms are terpenes and steroids. These compounds are reported to have adaptogenic and antihypertensive, as well as anti-allergic effects. Reishi contains rich sources of these bitter triterpenes. These active compounds make many medicinal mushrooms useful for treating infections, flu, diabetes, heart conditions, cancer, and perhaps even AIDS.


It has been confirmed by many scientists that the Anti-tumor function of Mushroom Polysaccharide is through enhancing the immunologic function. The active compounds in Mushroom Polysaccharide, especially polysaccharose and triterpenes, could improve body’s nonspecific immunity, enhance the immunity of the body cells and body fluids, so as to promote the generation of cellular immune factors, then produce the effect of inhibiting tumor. And also, experiment has confirmed that the active components of Mushroom Polysaccharide is no direct cell poison effect, but it can enhance the body's anti-tumor immunity, and indirect inhibition of tumor cell growth and induce tumor cells apoptosis, and thus may play a role of anti-tumor.

Adjusting immunity

It can significantly improve the macrophage phagocytosis index and phagocytosis percentage, and the stronger the activity of macrophages, the higher the body's immunity. Macrophages play an important role in the immune system, not only related to the specific immune, are also associated with the body's nonspecific immune defense mechanism. The phagocytosis of macrophages is the body's mainly defense mechanisms against foreign bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is also one of the important mechanism of the anti-tumor effect.

Improve cardiovascular disease

Mushroom Polysaccharide has obvious cardiotonic effect. It can strengthen the myocardial contraction force, increase the myocardial contraction amplitude and discharge, improve myocardial cell hypoxia ability. Reishi can also improve the blood circulation in coronary artery, increase coronary artery flow. And coronary artery expansion, can increase myocardial nutritional blood flow and improve myocardial circulation, and can prevent platelet activity, inhibiting platelet aggregation, prevent coronary atherosclerosis plaque formation, improve the function of adrenal cortex, and delay the atherosclerosis plaque, prevent myocardial infarction.

Enhance metabolism

Mushroom Polysaccharide has the ability to promote the pancreas producing insulin, accelerating blood microcirculation of the pancreas skin, improving the pancreas’ function. Then to correct the body’s metabolism disorders of the sugar, protein, fat, to restore the original state of metabolic balance.


Generally hepatitis refers to liver tissue damage caused by excessive toxic violation or Hepatitis b virus attacks. No matter before or after liver damage happened, taking Mushroom Polysaccharide can protect the liver and reduce the damage to the liver.


The formation of free Radicals, will accelerate the aging of human body. Mushroom Polysaccharide has obvious antioxidant capacity, can obviously inhibit the heart and liver lipid peroxidation effect, reducing tissue injury. Mushroom Polysaccharide can also reduce serum lipid peroxidation and obviously increase the activity of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), then clear the super oxygen anion free radicals in the body. Tests have been proved that the Reishi could promote DNA synthesis, extend the genetic cell division algebra, prolong the life of cells, so as to slow down the ageing process.

Improve Neurological Symptom

Mushroom Polysaccharide has a very good effect to improve nerve function, treatment of neurasthenia and other neurosis.

Clinical trials also has proved that even though Mushroom Polysaccharide for the treatment of insomnia is not faster than the western medicine, continue taking Reishi, its efficacy is very stable and without any side effects. Not only do it improve the symptoms of patients with insomnia, but meanwhile there are significant improvements of patient's state of mind, appetite and general condition.

Enhance Sexual Function

Reishi contains more than 17 kinds of amino acids, a variety of trace elements, vitamins and other nutrients necessary to human body health.

On the one hand, duo to the effects of clearance of oxygen free radicals, Reishi can prevent the formation of lipid peroxide in the gonads and accumulation, so as to slow down the sexual function recession. On the other hand, for the patients with sexual function recession, Reishi can improve the ability to remove lipid peroxide, strengthen the function of gonad, improve sexual function recession, meanwhile it also can improve the semen insufficient, low sexual function, senile failure, energy loss and other symptoms.

Side effects and safety of Mushroom Polysaccharide

Contemporary science and medical clinical tests have proved that Mushroom Polysaccharide is non-toxic and no side effects. It can be used freely. In general, Reishi can be used for food directly, also can be used for health care. Even it can be used for medicine with high doses.

Company Information:

Nutragreen Biotechnology Co., Ltd, a brand of Shanghai Lvshang Biotech Co., Ltd, is a GMP compliant and FDA registered manufacturer and supplier of raw materials of plant extracts, botanicals, herbs, especially Tradtional Chinese herbs. Mushroom Polysaccharide Series is one of our most competitive ingredients with various specifications and stocks available all year round.